February 28, 2024

The complexity of social relations and the diversity of social and individual needs have long fueled the reality that society would not be able to fulfill all its needs, pass all its barriers and problems and earn the public trust without the existence of civil society institutes.
The necessity of social institutions has been emphasized by philosophers such as Hegel (1770-1831). Hegel believed “Family and civil society are the two pillars of the idealistic and rational state and the realization of rational state would not be possible without passing through the ethical life of family and civil society.” He also believed “the relation between civil society and state is an absolute public and individual relation that, while different, have things in common that would smoothen the path to collective or the ethical spirit and teaches what steps one needs to take in the path towards ethical development and preparing for joining a rational state and how to perfect oneself and transform from individual self in order to join the communal spirit.” According to Hegel’s theory, civil society is composed of classes and groups in which its members have willingly and voluntarily gathered based on certain individual and personal interests; however, they learn through interacting and communicating with one another not to use these relations for their own personal benefits, to mostly consider the collective and communal interest and to obey common rules. Hence, although we could say that people arrive at civil society based on their individual motives and interests, because of the interaction with others and due to experiencing a kind of unity, universality and understanding interdependency will put individual motives and interests last and result in an inclination towards collective interest and commitment to professional ethics. (Hegel’s The Philosophy of Right: Civil Society, retrieved from: International Foundation of Theories and Doctrines)